Holy Spirit a Person?
learned that the central tenet of the trinitarian god is that all three of its
members—“persons”—are actually one being. But is
the Holy Spirit a separate person? Some background must be put in place to help
us proceed through a variety of different elements related to the Holy Spirit,
explained throughout this chapter. As in previous chapters, it is necessary to
repeat some earlier points because different issues now apply to them. To
explain the full truth of the matter, we must examine many scriptures.
stated, a person is a person. Three persons cannot be more or less than three
persons. Each is distinct, separate and unique. If the Holy Spirit is a person,
it cannot be part of a triune godhead of one being. Some will say that it is
not accurate to label God as a person, however, most trinitarians do. Of
course, they then wander off into abstract, philosophical ideas. As stated, it
seems as though many have not read II Corinthians 11:3: “But I
fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtlety, so
your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity
that is in Christ.”
better understand the fallacy of the argument that the Holy Spirit is a person,
and one-third of the Godhead, it would be helpful to read I Kings 3:16-27. In
this well-known account, there was a dispute over who was the rightful mother
of a baby. Solomon offered the following solution: Cut the baby in two and give
each woman half. Obviously, a person cannot be cut in half and live. Likewise,
individual human body parts do not regenerate, and will eventually corrupt, if
they are cut off.
relevant because we have already explained how the trinity concept does not
permit Christ to “extricate” Himself in order to come to earth as Savior. Here
is the point. Neither can the Holy Spirit be locked into the Father and Son in
the same way. If it is a person, it is distinct and separate. However, the rest
of the chapter will make plain that the Holy Spirit is NOT a person!
expects Christians to “grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and
Savior Jesus Christ” (II Pet. 3:18). If
the Holy Spirit is a person, how would it be increased within
the Christian who has it? In order for a person to increase the amount of the
Holy Spirit within him, he has to exercise it. How could this be done if the
Spirit were a person? It is either present or it is not, with no way to be
increased or decreased. Take a moment and read the parable of the pounds found
in Luke 19:11-26. In
this parable, Christ is instructing His listeners to increase the amount of the
Holy Spirit within them. (To learn more about how the Spirit of God grows in a
person, read our vital article “Exercise God’s Spirit!”)
In Psalm 51:11, confessing his sin,
King David implored God, “Take not Your Holy Spirit from me.” If the Holy
Spirit were a distinct personage, with a mind and consciousness of its own,
would David have not said, “Holy Spirit, do not leave me”? Would the Holy
Spirit not have the power to come and go as “He” pleases? Luke 11:13 makes plain that the Holy Spirit is given by
God to those who ask for it. Therefore, the Holy Spirit is not a person that
comes of its own volition, but rather is seen to be something that God gives.
regard, notice that in Acts
8:18-20, Peter did not rebuke Simon Magus for referring to the Holy
Spirit as power, as opposed
to a person, when this man sought this “power” for himself. He rebuked Simon
because he thought that he could “purchase” such a power with money.
Revealed the Father, Not the Holy Spirit
have seen, an important aspect of Christ’s ministry, overlooked by many, is the
fact that He revealed the Father. We can now ask: How was
Christ’s time, the world was not aware of the Father. Israel had been
worshipping the Word—Jesus Christ before He
became flesh—and they were led out of Egypt by Him, not the
Father. Referenced earlier, now notice: “Moreover, brethren, I would not that
you should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all
passed through the sea [the Red Sea, upon leaving Egypt]; and were all baptized
unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and did all eat the same spiritual
meat; and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of thatspiritual Rock that
followed them: and that
Rock was Christ” (I
revealed what the Father is like, and He did this through the power of the Holy
Spirit. Consider. If the Holy Spirit were a person, would not Christ have also
revealed “Him”? We might then ask: How could He reveal the Holy Spirit through
the Holy Spirit? This would make no sense and, of course, Scripture makes no
mention of such a thing.
Spirit was dwelling in Jesus Christ. Therefore, it would make no sense for
Christ to utter any of the following statements, if the Holy Spirit (as a
person) were the one doing the works within Him. Notice the stark omission of
any reference to the Holy Spirit or its “work” in the following passages:
“If you had known Me, you should have known My Father also:
and from now on you know Him, and have seen Him” (John 14:7).
“Jesus said unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet
have you not known Me, Philip? He that has seen Me has seen the Father;
and how say you then, show
us the Father?” (John
“Believe you not that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me?
The words that I speak unto you I speak not of Myself: but the Father that
dwells in Me, He does the works”
can see, in all of these passages, Christ speaks of the Father. Again, where is
the Holy Spirit mentioned? If the Spirit were a person, would not that have
been a good time to announce this? Think of the insult to the Holy Spirit that
Christ committed by such blatant omission time and again of all that this
“person” was supposedly doing within Him.
of looking at Scripture that supposedly identifies the Holy Spirit as a person,
trinitarians should systematically observe the many scriptures that omit any mention
of “Him” when such mention would seem so necessary.
Spirit is Not the Father
have a very difficult time logically explaining
the following verses about the place of the Father in Christ’s life and the
very different role of the Holy Spirit as the agent or begetting power of the
Father. When studied together, a question naturally arises: Who exactly is
“But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the
Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, you son of David, fear not
to take unto you Mary your wife: for that which is conceived in
her is of the Holy [Spirit]” (Matt.
1:20). (Also, take a moment and readLuke
1:35 for more
“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld
His glory, the glory as ofthe
only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14).
ever consider these verses? They seem to
be contradicting one another. And, of course, if one believes the trinity
doctrine, they do. Was Christ begotten by the Father or by the Holy Spirit? If
Christ was “conceived” by the Holy Spirit as a person, then “he”—the Holy
Spirit—would be Christ’s father. And if the Holy Spirit were a person, then
“he” would be our father
just permit basic logic to prevail. A human father
is called a father because he is the one who IS the father! No one is confused
about this, just as they are not confused about whether a human baby has two
fathers. In this regard, a baby does not have a “human” father and a “sperm”
father, because the sperm did the begetting. The sperm came from the human
father, who is the one who did the begetting. The same is true of the Spirit Father
of the newly begotten true Christian who merely received the Father’s “seed” in
the form of the Holy Spirit sent for the purpose of performing the begettal.
also notice Peter’s statement that Christians are begotten by the Father:
“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to His
abundant mercy has begotten
usagain unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from
the dead” (I Pet. 1:3). The
only difference is that unlike Christ, one is spiritually begotten after his
physical birth, not before.
says, “begotten us again” because these were begotten the first time by their physicalfather and
born physically. Then,
at conversion, they are begotten a second time by theirspiritual Father,
later to be born
these verses are pieced together, it becomes most obvious that the Father in
heaven begat Christ through the power of His Holy Spirit. Keep it simple—do not
allow theologians and scholars, impressed with their own erudite theories, to
impress you with
a variety of illogical, nonsensical arguments that, in the end, only prove that
they do not know what they are talking about.
moment to read the second half of Romans 16:18 as powerful warning to all!
Spirit Is Not a Proper Name
Old Testament, the word “holy” is translated from the Hebrew word qodesh, meaning “a
sacred place or thing”—and “spirit” is translated from the Hebrew word ruach, meaning
“wind, breath, or life.” In the New Testament, “holy” is translated from the
Greek word hagios, meaning
“sacred”—and “spirit” is translated from the Greek word pneuma, meaning “current
of air, breath, or breeze.”
how these are not names like people or the Father and Christ have. In this
case, the words Holy and Spirit merely describe what the thing is—holy (because
it is God’s) and spirit(because
it is like wind).
Father and Christ, who are both composed of spirit, have names and are clearly
portrayed as having form and shape, nowhere in Scripture is the Holy Spirit
given a name or mentioned as having such form. Take a moment to read Matthew 3:16 and John
14:16, and then think logically: Is the Holy Spirit really a “dove,”
and is “comforter” an actual name?—or are these words used to convey meaning?
and demons are spirits beings, and they have names, can talk and have forms.
“And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand
in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto you, and to show you these
glad tidings” (Luke 1:19).
“And the Lord said
unto Satan, From where come you? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and
fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it” (Job 1:7).
Scripture is the Holy Spirit shown to be doing such things? Where is “He” shown
to be interacting with other beings like the examples above? The answer is nowhere! And if
it were a person, why would it not have an actual name as does every other
spirit being—including Satan—that we read about in Scripture? Using trinitarian
logic, Satan should be called “the unholy spirit.” But since Satan is a
person, he has a name. So do the “Father” and the “Son, Jesus Christ.”
ponder what you have read so far before continuing.
Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost?
the terms “Holy Spirit” and “Holy Ghost” are both found in the King James
Version (KJV) of the Bible, some have concluded that two different spirits
are being discussed. However, “ghost” is an archaic translation of the original
Greek wordpneuma, from which both terms
referring to God’s Spirit, pneuma (which
literally means “breath”) is properly translated “Spirit,” as is the case in Luke 11:13, Ephesians 1:13 and 4:30, and
many other verses.
time of the first printing of the KJV (1611; over 1,400 years after the New
Testament was first written in Greek), the English words “spirit” and “ghost”
had the same meaning. This made it natural for the translators to render the
one Greek word as both English words. Though their inconsistency was not intentional,
it resulted in the misunderstanding that the “Holy Ghost” and “Holy Spirit” are
two separate spirits.
clarify the matter, the term “Holy Spirit” could be used in all instances in
which the Spirit of God or Spirit of Christ is referenced. A good example is Romans 8:9, which mentions both the
“Spirit of God” and “Spirit of Christ.”
As Ephesians 4:6 shows, when a person receives the Holy Spirit, it is one Spirit:
and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.” Also
notice John 10:30, 14:8-9 and Amos
problem is rectified in the New King
James Version, in which the Greek expression hagios pneuma is
consistently translated “Holy Spirit.”
the Holy Spirit Referred to as “He”?
universally favored piece of “evidence” used to “prove” the Holy Spirit’s
personage is the usage of the masculine pronoun “He,” found in certain verses
in John’s gospel account. However, when properly examined, this evidence is
proven to be strictly circumstantial and of no “trinity-conclusive” value. The
irony of this claim is that the scholars teaching it are supposedly versed in
the Greek language of the New Testament. Unlike English, Greek nouns are always
assigned gender. They are either masculine, feminine or neuter. This is
completely arbitrary, having nothing whatsoever to do with any actual defining
quality of the person, place or thing being referred to, unless a specific human being is
being referenced. And pronouns must agree in gender with the nouns for which
they are substituted.
to back up their claims, trinitarians will quote John’s gospel for defense of
their position. The words “He” and “Himself” are used extensively in reference
to the Holy Spirit. However, the inspired Greek words can also be translated
“it” or “itself.”
point: “Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go
away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I
depart, I will send him unto
you” (John 16:7).
this verse with Romans 8:16: “The Spirit itself bears
witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.” The exact same Greek
word autos is
translated two entirely different ways in these two verses (“him” and
“itself”). When studying difficult biblical subjects, a careful study of the
originally inspired language is sometimes necessary to avoid drawing wrong
In John 16:8 and 16:13, the
phrases “he will show” and “he will reprove” are actually translated from the
Greek words elegcho and anaggello respectively;
and they mean: “to confute or admonish” and “to announce.” The word “he” was
used by translators for gender agreement, not because John was trying to
establish the trinity doctrine.
will also cite the word “Comforter” as referring to a person. Of course, this
is ridiculous. A comforter on your bed is obviously not a person. It is called
such because of what it does, the same
being true of the Holy Spirit.
other examples of gender being assigned to non-gender items:
“And He had in His right hand seven stars: and out of His mouth went
a sharp two edged sword: and His countenance was as the sun shines in his [the
sun’s] strength” (Rev. 1:16).
above verse is an example of how gender could unwittingly be attributed to
something that obviously has no gender. The possessive pronoun “his,” referring
to the sun, is strictly a grammatical tool. Such use of gender-specific
pronouns in reference to inanimate objects is found in other languages as well,
such as French and Spanish. In these languages, the gender of a possessive
pronoun agrees with its object, not its subject. Again, it is a grammatical
tool. In the case of Revelation
1:16, obviously, neither “sun” nor “strength” has any inherent gender.
Consider two more scriptures:
“Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove
out of her [the
earth’s] place, in the wrath of the Lord of hosts, and in the day of His fierce anger” (Isa. 13:13). Is the earth female?
“Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be
darkened, and the moon shall not give her [the
moon’s] light” (Matt. 24:29).
Again, is the moon female?
section is not intended to be a lesson in Hebrew or Greek grammar. But, when
examined from the perspective of overall biblical usage, the way pronouns are
translated is irrelevant. The real issue is the inconsistency found in
theological arguments. Do trinitarians attribute literal gender and
consciousness to the sun, moon or earth? Of course not—that would be
ridiculous. So why assign gender to the Holy Spirit?
not have to be a grammarian, historian or scholar to understand the Bible. In
fact, the Bible shows that those who study it for the simplicity it contains (I Cor. 1:27; II Cor. 11:3; John 4:23), without adding their
own “theological” conjecture, are the ones God is calling and working with (John 6:44, 65).
Spirit a Person?
of Job makes a fundamental statement about another spirit that we have only
briefly touched upon. Notice the following: “But there is a spirit in
man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding” (32:8).
notice this passage, also referenced earlier: “For what man knows the things of
a man, save [by] the
spirit of man which is in him? (I
passages plainly reveal that there is a spirit within all people. That spirit is what differentiates human beings
from animals, and is what gives people a concept of self. However, it is not
this spirit that permits human beings to comprehend the truths of God. Notice
the rest ofverse 11 above: “…even so the things of God knows no man, but [by] the Spirit of God.”
human spirit present, people can understand physical knowledge and things, and
this is done through use of the five senses. But without the Spirit of God
leading a person, it isabsolutely impossible to understand God’s truth—including the nature of the true God who
is the One Who must give that Spirit to reveal Himself.
think about this: God has a Spirit, and man has a spirit. According to
trinitarians, the Holy Spirit is a person. Using their convoluted logic, one
could conclude that man’s spirit is a person, which means that there would be
another “person” dwelling within each person. Obviously, this is ridiculous!
Holy Spirit Feel Grief?
recorded, “And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed unto
the day of redemption” (Eph.
does it mean to “grieve the
Holy Spirit”? Does this passage mean that the Holy Spirit can “feel” pain or
grief? Also, can something be grieved if it is not a person? Trinitarian
reasoning argues “no.”
consider, for example, the expression, “Don’t stress the system.” What does
this mean? Who is going to feel the stress? What is the “system”? The “system”
is the embodiment of the world as we know it. It is not something with a
literal objective or agenda of its own. This is commonly understood. The
connotation is that something is being done in a way that makes things run less
than smoothly. But does the “system” actually feel “stressed”? When someone says, “I’m going to beat the system,”
what does this mean? Does the “system” have a name, a face? Is it personal?
Paul writes, in Romans 8:22, “…the whole creation
groans and travails in pain together until now,” does anyone believe that
planets, stars, trees, rocks, etc.—part of the creation—actually “groan and travail
in pain”? Of course not! In I Corinthians 11:14, Paul
asked, “Does not even nature
itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto
him?” Is nature running an academic curriculum? Again, of course not.
should be able to make such statements without inviting overanalysis of his
words, with the reader coming to unfounded conclusions. For purpose of
teaching, Paul is simply attributing emotion to things that obviously have none. Poets do
this all the time. Their writings are generally not overanalyzed to the point
of gross contortion of the basic intended meaning. So we ask: Why are not
Paul’s other writings examined in a consistent light? This is because another
spiritual element comes into play when the words of God, as opposed to a poet
or prose writer, are the subject of the study. Recall: “the carnal mind is
enmity [hostile] against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither
indeed can be” (Rom 8:7). Human beings naturally do not want to obey God.
Characteristics of the Holy Spirit
stops and considers the Bible-defined characteristics
of the Holy Spirit, it becomes abundantly clear that it cannot be a person.
Let’s examine certain characteristics of the Holy Spirit and ask whether they
can be those of a person.
example: Can a person be distributed? The obvious answer is no. However, the
Holy Spirit can be. Notice: “And they were all filled with
the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them
utterance” (Acts 2:4).
Day of Pentecost, many were filled with the Holy Spirit. This marked the
beginning of the New Testament Church. If the Holy Spirit were a person, this
miracle could not have taken place, as it is not possible to be filled with a
person. Also make note again here that many believe that one either has the
Holy Spirit or does not—the amount cannot vary. If this is the case, all
Christians in every age would have to be filled with
the Spirit. Acts 6:3 and Matthew
there should be translated “going”), among others, reveals the fallacy of this
allow an intellectual trinitarian response to this such as “the Holy Spirit is
God, so normal rules do not apply” to confuse you. On such a basis, no Bible
passage could ever mean what it said because every passage came from God.
In Acts 2:17-18, Peter, quoting Joel 2:28-29, said, “And it shall
come to pass in the last days, says God, I will pour
out of My Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall
prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream
dreams: and on My servants and on My handmaidens I will pour out in those days
of My Spirit; and they shall prophesy.”
person be poured out? Are Christ and the Father ever referred to as being
poured out? Again, do not fall for an intellectual dismissal of this with the
simple assertion that “the Holy Spirit is God, so forget all rules.” We will
revisit points in this section a little later.
Aspects of the Holy Spirit
Greeks believed that the gods were in everything. This is what led them to
“create” their own “gods many and lords many,” believing they had to put a
separate god in every conceivable kind of inanimate object. (Recall that the
Greeks had at least 30,000 gods.)
God—the Father and Christ—are in one place, but can be everywhere at once
(omnipresent) through the power of the Holy Spirit. Their bodies are not spread
throughout the universe like a kind of amorphous nebula. Notice what David
wrote in the Psalms: “Where shall I go from Your Spirit? Or
where shall I flee from Your presence? If I
ascend up into heaven, You are there: if I make my bed in [the grave], behold,
You are there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost
parts of the sea; even there shall Your hand lead me, and Your right hand shall
hold me” (Psa. 139:7-10).
exhorted Timothy to “stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on
of my hands” (II Tim. 1:6). Here,
the Holy Spirit is referred to as a gift, one that must
be stirred up within a Christian’s mind. Can a person be
literally stirred? Is the Holy Spirit some kind of “genie in a lamp,” lying
asleep until summoned by rubbing the lamp and the utterance of a magic
consider that, at baptism and conversion, Christians are given a “measure” of
the Holy Spirit (Eph. 4:7). Can a
person receive a measure of a person? No, but they can receive a measure of
power, which must be continually exercised in order to grow. Paul wrote, “For I
know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply
of the Spirit of Jesus Christ” (Phil.
1:19). A Christian is one who has been given a supply of the Holy
Spirit. If it is not constantly replenished, that Spirit will run out,
potentially until it is completely gone (Heb.
As Matthew 25:14-30 shows, those who do not exercise God’s Spirit and “bring forth
much fruit” (John 15:5, 16) will not be given eternal
life in God’s kingdom. II
Corinthians 4:16 shows
that through enduring trials and sufferings, a Christian increases his supply
of the Holy Spirit: “For which cause [being “always delivered unto death for
Jesus’ sake” – vs. 11] we faint not; but though our
outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.”
also that the Holy Spirit is something that needs to be renewed: “Not by works
of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, by
the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Spirit”
(Titus 3:5). This
verse is referring to the Holy Spirit at work inside a Christian’s mind. To
renew something is to keep it active or current.
someone renews his driver’s license, it is so that he can continue to legally
operate an automobile. The license itself cannot drive, but empowers the
individual to do so. And, unless it is renewed every three to four years, he
will lose his driving privilege. Figuratively, the Holy Spirit is the same way.
Unless it is renewed, one will lose the privilege of receiving eternal life.
cannot be renewed. But, if it is an “amount” of something, it has to be renewed
or replenished. Yet, if it is a person, it is either there or it is not! There
can be no in-between.
Blaspheming the Holy Spirit
In Matthew 12:31-32, Christ
stated, “Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be
forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy [Spirit] shall not be
forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall
be forgiven him: but whosoever speaks against the Holy [Spirit], it shall not
be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.”
does this mean—what is the sin that Christ warns against?
against the Holy Spirit (often called “the unpardonable sin”) is to knowingly
deny the power of God. Notice the context of Christ’s warning. He had just cast
out a demon (vs. 22)—and
the Pharisees accused Him of performing this miracle by the power of Satan (vs. 24). They recognized that Christ
was from God, yet accused Him anyway. Notice John 3:2: “[Nicodemus] came to
Jesus by night, and said unto Him, Rabbi, we know
that You are a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that You
do, except God be with him.”
said, “we know.”
He was referring to himself and the other Pharisees. Since these leaders were
well aware of the power by which Christ performed miracles, He warned about
blasphemy against the Holy Spirit behind them.
other way in which one can commit blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is by
allowing it to be quenched after having received it. Notice: “For it is impossible for
those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were
made partakers of the Holy [Spirit], and have tasted the good word of God, and
the powers of the world to come, if they shall fall away, to renew them again
unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and
put Him to an open shame” (Heb.
6:4-6). Being enlightened (understanding the truth) can only happen
when one has received the Holy Spirit (John
14:17; 15:26; 16:13; I Peter 1:22).
away” is not instantaneous. When one’s eyes have been opened to God’s truth and
he continues to sin willfully—to ignore warnings from God’s Spirit within his
mind—he will eventually lose it. Once this happens, he has committed the
unforgiveable sin. Christ was warning against far more than the utterance of
blasphemous words. (You are urged to read our thorough booklet Just What Is “The Unpardonable
Sin”? to fully understand.)
of the Spirit
Bible uses many analogies to show how the Holy Spirit works within a
Christian’s mind. None of them attribute any qualities of “personhood.”
God’s Word likens the Holy Spirit to wind: “And
suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it
filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:2).
likened those born as Spirit beings into the kingdom of God to wind: “The wind
blows where it lists, and you hear the sound thereof, but cannot tell [from
where] it comes, and where it goes: so is every one that is born of the Spirit”
be powerful, as in the case of a tornado or hurricane, or it can be gentle. The
same is true of the Holy Spirit. God created the heavens and the earth with it;
but He also can use it to gently mold our character into perfection.
Holy Spirit is also compared to oil. As a
spiritual “lubricant,” it is comforting (John
14:26) and keeps God’s people cool. Oil is also burned as a fuel to
create fire, produce light (Matt.
generate heat (Rev. 3:15).
Christians are to be the lights of the world and the Holy Spirit is the fuel that
powers them. (Again, review Matthew 25:1-12.)
also anointed by the Spirit, just like an anointing of oil: “The Spirit of the
Lord God is upon
Me; because the Lord has
anointed Me to preach good tidings unto the meek; He has sent Me to bind up the
brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the
prison to them that are bound” (Isa.
61:1). Also see I John 2:27, describing conversion
itself as an anointing.
Holy Spirit is likened to fire.
Notice: “And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it
sat upon each of them” (Acts
Again, II Timothy 1:6 shows that, like a fire, the Holy Spirit must be constantly
stirred up within each Christian: “Wherefore I put you in remembrance that you
stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands.”
also exhorted, “Quench not the Spirit” (I
Thes. 5:19). Quenching the Spirit is like quenching thirst or fire—when you
quench either, you extinguish it. In the case of the Holy Spirit, this is done
by “smothering it” with wrong thoughts, or by continual sin. Obviously, a person cannot
God’s Word also likens the Holy Spirit to water. Nobody
can live physically without water, and nobody can live spiritually (or
eternally) without the Holy Spirit. Christ stated, in John 7:38-39, “He that believes on
Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living
water. (But this spoke He of the Spirit, which they that believe on Him should
receive: for the Holy Spirit was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet
By-products of the Holy Spirit are compared to fruit. Fruit
helps to cleanse the physical body.
The Holy Spirit helps to cleanse His children spiritually. Fruit
also provides instant energy to the body: “But the fruit of the Spirit is love,
joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance:
against such there is no law” (Gal.
5:22-23). Allowing the mind to be guided by the Holy Spirit automatically
yields the above “fruit,” which cleanses one of “spiritual toxins,” and
provides power to continue.
no one can live physically without food, Christians must feed upon the fruits
of the Tree of Life (the Holy Spirit) in order to live spiritually (I Cor. 15:21-22; John 6:30-35; Rev. 2:17).
Holy Spirit is also a gift: “Then
Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of
Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the
Holy Spirit” (Acts 2:38). The
Holy Spirit then brings with it potentially a whole series of
gifts (I Cor. 12:1-11).
Also, to show that Christians are to be gentle and peaceable, we saw that the
Holy Spirit is likened to a dove.
Notice: “And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water:
and, lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God
descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him” (Matt. 3:16).
Genesis 8:8-12 records that Noah sent out a dove “to see if the waters were
abated from off the face of the ground,” so that he could be led in what to do.
In like manner, Christians are guided by the Holy Spirit in their minds.
What Is the Holy
seen many examples demonstrating that the Holy Spirit is neither one-third of a
single, amorphous god-being, nor a separate entity of a triune god. But, we may
ask further, what is it?
Spirit is the life (and very mind) of God. Jesus Christ lived by the Spirit of
the Father dwelling within Him. Just as the Father dwelled within Christ
through the Holy Spirit and gaveHim life,
Christ lives within His followers through the
Spirit and gives them life—eternal life. Notice Christ’s description of His
relationship with the Father:
“As the living Father has sent Me, and I live by the Father: so he
that eats Me, even he shall live by Me” (John
“For as the Father has life in Himself; so has He given to the Son
to have life in Himself” (John
this eternal life (the Holy Spirit) dwelling inside God’s people, they can also
become one with Christ and the Father. As the Father and Son are of the same
mind and of the same accord, so are Christians to be (Phil. 2:2).
one with the Father and Christ is only possible through the indwelling of the
Holy Spirit. Take time to really ponder the following scriptures:
“I and My Father are one” (John
“But if I do, though you believe not Me, believe the works: that
you may know, and believe, that the Father is in Me, and I in Him” (John 10:38).
“At that day you shall know that I am in My Father, and you in Me,
and I in you” (John 14:20).
“And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world,
and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your own name those whom You have
given Me, that they may be one, as We are”
“That they all may be one; as You, Father, are in
Me, and I in You, that they also may be one in us: that
the world may believe that You have sent Me” (John 17:21).
answer the following: Are these verses in any way referring to the trinity? And
if they are, how is this reconciled with the fact that Christians are to become
one with the Father and Christ, with no mention of the Holy Spirit—particularly
when the Holy Spirit is supposedly the only one of the three persons that is in
us? As explained, it is silly to think that Christians could become one with
each other in the same manner of the Father and Christ—if they are two-thirds
of the trinity. Yet, if the above-mentioned verses are taken at face value,
that is exactly what one must conclude. It is obvious that Christ is talking
about being of the same mind with He and the Father.
again, the Holy Spirit is also the power of God. When the term “power” is used
today (for instance: “By the power vested in me…”), it never implies that that
power does something of and by its own accord. It is understood that someone is
using that power, wielding it—exercising it—distributing it—to accomplish a
defined objective. Does electricity have a mind of its own? Does nuclear
energy? Does solar power? These and other sources of power are used to do
various kinds of work and must be continually replenished. It is the same with
an example of this power flowing from
Christ in Mark 5:25-30: “And a certain woman,
which had an issue of blood twelve years, and had suffered many things of many
physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but
rather grew worse, when she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and
touched His garment. For she said, If I may touch but His clothes, I shall be
whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in
her body that she was healed of that plague. And Jesus, immediately knowing in
Himself that virtue [Greek: dunamis, meaning
power] had gone out of Him,
turned Him about in the press, and said, Who touched My clothes?”
the following analogy: When you work hard and perspire, your body loses vital
nutrients, which must be replenished. In a sense, this is what happened to
Christ. The Holy Spirit was indeed a “vital nutrient” that flowed from Him, and
it had to be replaced. Also take notice of the following verses, and think
about them in the context mentioned above:
“Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing,
that you may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy
Spirit” (Rom. 15:13).
“But you shall receive power,
after that the Holy [Spirit] is come upon you: and you shall be witnesses unto
Me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost
part of the earth” (Acts 1:8).
this very power that allowed Christ to perform the many miracles that He did.
The Father was with Christ through the Spirit dwelling in Him. Christ had no
power in and of Himself to do anything:
“I can of Mine own self do
nothing: as I hear, I judge: and My judgment is just; because I
seek not Mine own will, but the will of the Father which has sent Me” (John 5:30).
“Then said Jesus unto them, When you have lifted up the Son of
Man, then shall you know that I am He, and that I do nothing of Myself;
but as My Father has taught Me, I speak these things” (John 8:28).
emptied Himself from the Godhead to become a human being, Christ needed the
Holy Spirit, and so do you and I. If He could not do anything in and of
Himself, how much can we do of ourselves? Absolutely nothing.
the Holy Spirit Is Given
understand (at least somewhat) that Jesus Christ is our example (John 13:15; I Pet. 2:21), and that we are to
copy His life in our own. The way He lived, His sufferings and His overcoming
the world are all things that we must be aware of and partake
of. Let’s consider His birth, death and Resurrection as examples from which to
learn the role of the Holy Spirit in God’s Plan for mankind.
have seen, Christ was begotten by the Father through the power of the Holy
Spirit. Unlike human beings, He had no physical father.
What we can glean from this event, however, is that the Holy Spirit is the
means by which the Father begets His sons. Just as Christ was begotten by the
Father, Christians also are begotten by Him. The only difference is that
Christians are begotten outside the womb. We do not possess the Holy Spirit
until after baptism (Acts 2:38). Once
we are baptized and receive the Holy Spirit, we become begotten sons of God—not
yet born. But the time will come when we will be raised from the dead by the
power of the Holy Spirit dwelling within us—just as Christ was.
through the power of the Holy Spirit that God teaches us: “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father
will send in My name, [it] shall teach you all things,
and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” (John 14:26). “Howbeit when [it],
the Spirit of truth, is come, [it] will guide you into all truth…”
repeat: A mind without the Holy Spirit cannot comprehend spiritual things and
has no hope of understanding God’s Word—the Bible. It is only through the
indwelling of the Spirit that one is able to understand the mind of God. Take a
moment to reread I
above scriptures, including I Corinthians 2:9-16, can be
summarized in the following way: Those who are being guided by the Holy Spirit can understand spiritual things, and those who are not being led by
the Holy Spirit cannot understand—it is impossible! Just
as you cannot know the thoughts and ways of another man, neither can you know
the thoughts and ways of God. If one could somehow “project” his spirit into
the mind of another person, then he could know that person’s thoughts. In a
sense, it could be said that the “projection” of God’s Spirit into our minds is
what allows us to comprehend “the things of God.”
Spirit also strengthens Christians in a number of important ways. The following longer
scripture is one of the most inspiring in the entire Bible, and best describes
how God’s Spirit directly empowers—strengthens—those who have it: “That He
would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be
strengthened with might by His Spirit in the inner man; that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith;
that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all
saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the
love of Christ, which passes knowledge, that you might be filled with all the
fullness of God. Now unto Him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all
that we ask or think, according to the power that
works in us…” (Eph. 3:16-20).
gives His servants the strength needed to overcome what could be called the
three “S’s”—self, Satan and society, which are the three things that produce a
fourth “S,” sin. All real
overcoming is done by the power of the Holy Spirit. Just as Christ could only
overcome by the Father dwelling within Him through the Spirit, it is through that Spirit
dwelling within a person, that overcoming anything spiritual
is made possible.
WILL NOT Understand!
point, an inset must be added, and it will explain why some people literally cannot possiblyunderstand what is
contained in this volume. This point is connected to an earlier section, which
discussed how the Holy Spirit is poured out and can fill people, thus
disqualifying it to be a person.
an example of how some will take that easy-to-understand explanation, and
dismiss it by bringing in wrong “facts,” wrong logic, wrong reasoning and/or
wrong understanding—thus trapping themselves in wrong teaching.
have suggested that Psalm
that a person can be
poured, because Christ said that He was “poured out” and He was a person. The
conclusion then is that the Holy Spirit can also be poured out and still be a
passage, Christ is speaking, describing His crucifixion. Let’s read it: “I am poured out like
water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in
the midst of my bowels.”
It is probably
immediately obvious to most that Christ is talking about how all of His blood poured
out of His body, ending His life. Christians of every belief know that numerous
verses reveal Christians are forgiven, or justified, by Christ’s shed blood (Rom. 5:9; Eph. 1:7; 2:13; Col. 1:14;Heb. 9:12). Isaiah 53:12 states that He “poured out His soul unto death.” Obviously, soul
here means His blood—His life. (See Leviticus 17:11.) This
passage does not prove that the Holy Spirit is a person that can also be poured
out. To conclude such is a complete logical “disconnect”—but it is probably one
such people will not be able to acknowledge.
ask: Why cannot
the logic explained in the earlier section be accepted by some people?Why do
some, indeed most, feel compelled to fight sound analysis, sound reasoning and
sound logic when they see it? Why also
will the plain explanations found throughout this paper upset and confuse many
of its readers? The answer lies in the fact that these things alone—sound
analysis, sound reasoning and sound logic—are not sufficient to defeat the
illogic of a mind to whom God has not revealed Himself (Rom. 1:28; 8:7). Remember, this paper has
explained several times how God must call a
person (John 6:44, 65) and must reveal Himself
to that person for him to be able to grasp spiritual truths and spiritual
principles (I Cor. 2:11).
it must be understood that this paper is not written to or for the majority who
may read it. At least grasp this point! Do not miss it. For you, the reader, to
truly comprehend all that you are studying here, God must be opening your mind through
the power of the very Holy Spirit discussed in this chapter. Otherwise, there
is no hope of understanding. Perhaps take the time to read Matthew 7:7, however, for what you
can also do.
Bible is literally filled with instruction about the Holy Spirit. But in a
world completely overcome with Satan’s “wiles” (Eph. 6:11) and “devices” (II Cor. 2:11), it is only through
God’s help that you can be an exception.
must be willing to admit that the realm of traditional Christianity (and the
world in general) has remained ignorant of what the Holy Spirit is. Naturally,
this has directly contributed to why the nature of God so completely escapes
the world has not understood the Holy Spirit or its role, or the Father and who
He is, it has not understood the true Jesus Christ of the Bible. The apostle
Paul warned of those who unknowingly follow “another Jesus.”