1. Did God Himself really write the Ten Commandments?
"And he gave unto Moses ... two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God." "And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables." Exodus 31:18; 32:16.
Answer: Yes, the "mighty God" Jesus (Isaiah 9:6) of heaven wrote the Ten Commandments on tables of stone with His own finger. Jesus the Son of God thundered down His Father’s Law the Ten Commandments from Mount Sinai approximately 1491-1451BC, about 3503 years ago. God says through His Son, if you love me, obey my 10 commandments, God’s 10 everlasting laws for Heaven and Earth. Worship God alone in the name of His Son Jesus Christ. John 15:10 "If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love." These laws formed the take-off point for Christ upon his return to Nazareth’s synagogue, and for his denunciation of the money-changers who had taken over Jerusalem’s temple.
The confusion is hushed. The sound of traffic and bargaining has ceased. The silence becomes painful. A sense of awe overpowers the assembly. It is as if they were arraigned before the tribunal of God to answer for their deeds. Looking upon Christ, they behold divinity flash through the garb of humanity. The Majesty of heaven stands as the Judge will stand at the last day,—not now encircled with the glory that will then attend Him, but with the same power to read the soul. His eye sweeps over the multitude, taking in every individual. His form seems to rise above them in commanding dignity, and a divine light illuminates His countenance. He speaks, and His clear, ringing voice—the same that upon Mount Sinai proclaimed the law that priests and rulers are transgressing—is heard echoing through the arches of the temple: “Take these things hence; make not My Father's house an house of merchandise.” DA 158.1
Slowly descending the steps, and raising the scourge of cords gathered up on entering the enclosure, He bids the bargaining company depart from the precincts of the temple. With a zeal and severity He has never before manifested, He overthrows the tables of the money-changers. The coin falls, ringing sharply upon the marble pavement. None presume to question His authority. None dare stop to gather up their ill-gotten gain. Jesus does not smite them with the whip of cords, but in His hand that simple scourge seems terrible as a flaming sword. Officers of the temple, speculating priests, brokers and cattle traders, with their sheep and oxen, rush from the place, with the one thought of escaping from the condemnation of His presence. DA 158.2
In Heaven, GOD the Father held a council meeting. GOD then MADE His Son equal with Himself. God has made His Son a God, gave Him Authority. God’s Son, Jesus Christ who was next in authority to His Father and His GOD, thundered down His Father’s Law in 1491 BC, prior to being born in the flesh to a virgin named Mary in Bethlehem. The first four commandments describe how to love God and the last six reveal how to love one’s fellow man. Put another way, the first four commandments explain how to establish a relationship with the true God and the last six how to build relationships with human beings.
2. What is God's
definition of sin?
"Sin is the transgression of the law." 1 John 3:4.
Answer: Sin is breaking God's Ten
Commandment law. And since the law of God is perfect (Psalms 19:7), it
covers every conceivable sin. It is impossible to commit a sin that is not
condemned by at least one of God's Ten Commandments. The commandments cover
"the whole duty of man." Ecclesiastes 12:13. Nothing is left out.
3. Why did God give us the
"He that keepeth the law, happy is he." Proverbs 29:18.
"Keep my commandments: For length of days, and long life, and peace,
shall they add to thee." Proverbs 3:1, 2.
Answer: A. As a guide
for happy, abundant living.
God created us to enjoy happiness, peace, long life, contentment,
accomplishment, and all the other great blessings for which our hearts
long. God's law is the road map that points out the right paths to follow
in order to find this true, supreme happiness.
"By the law is the knowledge of sin." Romans 3:20. "I had
not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had
said, Thou shalt not covet." Romans 7:7.
God's law is His road map to happy, abundant living.
B. To show me the difference
between right and wrong.
God's law is like a mirror (James 1:23-25). It points out wrongdoing in my life as a mirror points out dirt on my face. The only possible way for a person to know if he is sinning is for him to carefully check his life by the mirror of God's law. Hope for this mixed-up, sinking generation is found in God's Ten Commandment law. It tells where to draw the line!
"And the Lord commanded us to do all these statutes [commandments]
... for our good always." Deuteronomy 6:24. "Hold thou me up, and
I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually.
Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes." Psalms
C. To protect me from danger and tragedy.
God's law is like a strong cage at the zoo, which protects us from fierce,
destructive animals. It protects us from impurity, falsehood, murder,
idolatry, theft, and many other evils that destroy life, peace, and
happiness. All good laws protect, and God's law is no exception.
Special Note: The eternal principles of God's law are
written deep in every person's nature by the God who created us. The
writing may be dim and smudged, but it is still there. This means, of
course, that you cannot find true peace unless you are willing to live in
harmony with your inner nature, upon which God has written these
principles. We were created to live in harmony with them. When we choose to
ignore them, the result is always tension, unrest, and tragedy--just as
ignoring the rules for safe driving leads to serious trouble.
4. Why is God's law
exceedingly important to me personally?
"So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of
liberty." James 2:12.
Answer: Because the Ten Commandment law
is the standard by which God examines people in the heavenly judgment. How
are you measuring up? It is a life-or-death matter!
5. Can God's law (the Ten
Commandments) ever be changed or abolished?
"It is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law
to fail." Luke 16:17. "My covenant will I not break, nor alter
the thing that is gone out of my lips." Psalms 89:34. "All his
commandments are sure. They stand fast for ever and ever." Psalms
Answer: Absolutely not! The Bible is
very clear on this point. If the law could have been changed, God would
have immediately made that change when Adam and Eve sinned instead of
sending His Son to die in the sinner's behalf to pay the penalty of the
broken law. But this was impossible, because the commandments are not laws
in the sense of rules or regulations that have been enacted. They are
revealed principles of God's holy character that will always be true as
long as God exists.
Notice on the chart below that God and His law have the same
characteristics. Do you see what this means? The Ten Commandment law is
God's character in written form--written so we can comprehend it. It is no
more possible to change God's law than to pull God out of heaven and change
Him. Jesus came to show us what the law (which is the pattern for holy
living) looked like when made up in human form. God's character can never
change. Neither can His law, for it is His character in human language.
THE LAW IS
1 Timothy 1:8
1 John 3:2,3
1 Corinthians 10:4
1 Corinthians 1:9
1 John 4:8
6. Did Jesus abolish God's
law while He was here on earth?
"Think not that I am come to destroy the law. ... I am not come to
destroy, but to fulfill. ... Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one
tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled."
Matthew 5:17, 18.
Answer: No, indeed! Jesus specifically
asserted that He did not come to destroy the law, but to fulfill (or keep)
it. Instead of doing away with the law, Jesus magnified it (Isaiah 42:21)
as the perfect guide for right living. For example, Jesus pointed out that "thou
shalt not kill" condemns anger "without a cause" (Matthew
5:21, 22) and hatred (1 John 3:15), and that lust is adultery (Matthew
5:27, 28). He says, "If ye love me, keep my commandments." John
7. Will people who
knowingly continue to break even one of God's commandments be saved?
"The wages of sin is death." Romans 6:23. "He shall destroy
the sinners." Isaiah 13:9. "Whosoever shall keep the whole law,
and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all." James 2:10.
Answer: No! They will be lost. The Ten
Commandment law is the guide we must use in finding our way to God and holy
living. If I ignore even one of the commandments, I am neglecting part of
the divine pattern, or blueprint. If only one link of a chain is broken,
its entire purpose is undone. The Bible says that when we knowingly break
any command of God, we are sinning (James 4:17), because we have refused
His will for us. Only those who do His will can enter the kingdom of
heaven. Sinners will be lost.
8. Can anyone be saved by
keeping the law?
"By the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his
sight." Romans 3:20. "For by grace are ye saved through faith;
and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any
man should boast." Ephesians 2:8, 9.
Answer: No! The answer is too plain to
miss. No one can be saved by keeping the law. Salvation comes only through
grace, as a free gift from Jesus Christ, and we receive this gift by faith,
not by works. The law serves only as a mirror to point out sin in our
lives. Cleansing and forgiveness from that sin come only through Christ.
9. Why, then, is the law
an absolute essential for perfecting Christian character?
"Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of
man." Ecclesiates 12:13. "By the law is the knowledge of
sin." Romans 3:20.
Because the full pattern, or "whole duty," for Christian living
is contained in God's law. Like a 6-year-old boy who made his own ruler,
measured himself, and told his mother that he was 12 feet tall, our own
standards are never safe. I cannot know whether I am a sinner unless I look
carefully into the perfect standard--God's law-mirror. Millions who have
cast out devils, prophesied, and done many wonderful works in Jesus' name
will be lost (Matthew 7:21-23) because they did not bother to check their
lives with His great law-pattern. Hence, they think they are righteous and
saved when, instead, they are sinful and lost. "Hereby we do know that
we know him, if we keep his commandments." 1 John 2:3.
10. What enables a truly
converted Christian to follow the pattern of God's law?
"I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their
hearts." Hebrews 8:10. "I can do all things through Christ."
Philippians 4:13. "God sending his own Son ... That the righteousness
of the law might be fulfilled in us." Romans 8:3, 4.
Answer: Christ not only pardons
repentant sinners, but He restores in them the image of God. He brings them
into harmony with His law through the power of His indwelling presence.
"Thou shalt not" then becomes a promise that the Christian will
not steal, lie, murder, etc., because Jesus lives inside and is in control.
God could not change His law, but He made a blessed provision through Jesus
to change the sinner so he can measure up to that law.
The law serves as a mirror to point out sin in our lives. As repentant
sinners come to Jesus, He restores in them the image of God, bringing
them into harmony with His law through the power of His indwelling
11. But isn't a Christian
who has faith and is living under grace freed from keeping the law?
"For sin [breaking God's law--1 John 3:4] shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. What then? shall we sin [break the law], because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid." Romans 6:14, 15. "Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law." Romans 3:31.
Answer: No! The Scriptures teach the
very opposite. Grace is like the governor's pardon to a prisoner. It
forgives him, but it does not give him freedom to break one single law on
the statute books. The forgiven person, living under grace, is under double
obligation to keep the law. A person who refuses to keep God's law, saying
that he is living under grace, is mistaken. He is living under disgrace.
12. Are the Ten Commandments
of God reaffirmed in the New Testament?
Answer: Yes, and very clearly so. Look
the following over very carefully.
THE LAW OF GOD IN THE NEW
THE LAW OF GOD IN THE OLD
1. "Thou shalt worship
the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve." Matthew 4:10.
1. "Thou shalt have no
other gods before me." Exodus 20:3.
2. "Little children, keep
yourselves from idols." 1 John 5:21. "Forasmuch then as we are
the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto
gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device." Acts
2. "Thou shalt not make
unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in
heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water
under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them:
for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the
fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that
hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep
my commandments." Exodus 20:4-6.
3. "That the name of God
and his doctrine be not blasphemed." 1 Timothy 6:1.
3. "Thou shalt not take
the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him
guiltless that taketh his name in vain." Exodus 20:7.
4. "For he spake in a
certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the
seventh day from all his works." "There remaineth therefore a
rest ["keeping of a sabbath," margin] to the people of God. For
he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works,
as God did from his." Hebrews 4:4, 9, 10.
4. "Remember the sabbath
day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt
not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor
thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy
gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all
that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed
the sabbath day, and hallowed it." Exodus 20:8-11.
5. "Honour thy father and
thy mother." Matthew 19:19.
5. "Honour thy father and
thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy
God giveth thee." Exodus 20:12.
6. "Thou shalt not
kill." Romans 13:9.
6. "Thou shalt not
kill." Exodus 20:13.
7. "Thou shalt not commit
adultery." Matthew 19:18.
7. "Thou shalt not commit
adultery." Exodus 20:14.
8. "Thou shalt not
steal." Romans 13:9.
8. "Thou shalt not
steal." Exodus 20:15.
9. "Thou shalt not bear
false witness." Romans 13:9.
9. "Thou shalt not bear
false winess against thy neighbour." Exodus 20:16.
10. "Thou shalt not
covet." Romans 7:7.
10. "Thou shalt not covet
thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his
manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing
that is thy neighbour's." Exodus 20:17.
13. Are God's law and
Moses' law the same?
Answer: No, they are not the same.
Study the following notes and comparison carefully.
Note: Moses' law was the temporary, ceremonial law of
the Old Testament. It regulated the priesthood, sacrifices, rituals, meat
and drink offerings, etc., all of which foreshadowed the cross. This law
was added "till the seed should come," and that seed was Christ
(Galatians 3:16, 19). The ritual and ceremony of Moses' law pointed forward
to Christ's sacrifice. When He died, this law came to an end, but the Ten
Commandments (God's law) "stand fast for ever and ever." Psalms
111:8. That there are two laws is made crystal clear in Daniel 9:10, 11.
Special Note: Please note that God's law has existed
at least as long as sin has existed. The Bible says, "Where no law is,
there is no transgression [or sin]." Romans 4:15. So God's Ten
Commandment law existed from the beginning. Men broke that law (sinned--1
John 3:4). Because of sin (or breaking God's law), Moses' law was given (or
"added"--Galatians 3:16, 19) till Christ should come and die. Two
separate laws are involved: God's law and Moses' law.
Called "the law of
Moses" (Luke 2:22).
Called "the law of the
Lord" (Isaiah 5:24).
Called "law ... contained
in ordinances" (Ephesians 2:15).
Called "the royal
law" (James 2:8).
Written by Moses in a book (2
Written by God on stone
(Exodus 31:18; 32:16).
Placed in the side of the ark
Placed inside the ark (Exodus
Ended at the cross (Ephesians
Will stand forever (Luke
Added because of sin
Points out sin (Romans 7:7;
Contrary to us, against us
Not grievous (1 John 5:3).
Judges no one (Colossians
Judges all people (James
Carnal (Hebrews 7:16).
Spiritual (Romans 7:14).
Made nothing perfect (Hebrews
Perfect (Psalms 19:7).
14. How does the devil
feel about the people who pattern their lives after God's Ten Commandments?
"And the dragon [the devil] was wroth with the woman [true church],
and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the
commandments of God." Revelation 12:17. "Here is the patience of
the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God."
Answer: The devil hates the people who uphold God's law because the
law is the pattern of right living. And if you decide to follow the pattern
outlined in God's law, you will feel the devil's wrath upon you at once and
with all fury. It is not surprising that the devil hates and bitterly
opposes all who uphold God's law. But it is shocking and astounding to hear
religious leaders denying the binding claims of the Ten Commandments while
at the same time upholding the traditions of men. No wonder Jesus said,
"Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your
tradition?" "In vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines
the commandments of men." Matthew 15:3, 9. And David said, "It is
time for thee, Lord, to work: for they have made void thy law." Psalms
119:126. Christians must wake up and restore God's law to its rightful,
exalted position. It is folly for this undisciplined generation to presume
that it can break the laws of the living God with impunity.
15. I believe a Christian
must obey God's Ten Commandments, and I am asking Jesus to help me bring my
life into harmony with them.
the Bible say the law was (or is) faulty? (Hebrews 8:8)
No. The Bible
says the people were faulty. God found "fault with them." Hebrews
8:8. And in Romans 8:3 the Bible says that the law "was weak through
the flesh." It is always the same story. The law is perfect, but the
people are faulty, or weak. So God would have His Son live within His
people "that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in
us" (Romans 8:4) through the indwelling Christ.
2. Galatians 3:13 says we are redeemed
from the curse of the law. Can you explain this? (Galatians 3:13)
The curse of
the law is death (Romans 6:23). Christ tasted "death for every
man." Hebrews 2:9. Thus He redeemed all from the curse of the law
(death) and in its place provided eternal life.
3. Don't Colossians 2:14-17 and
Ephesians 2:15 teach that God's law ended at the cross? (Ephesians 2:15)
passages both refer to the law containing "ordinances," or Moses'
law, which was a ceremonial law governing the sacrificial system and the
priesthood. All of this ceremony and ritual foreshadowed the cross and
ended at Christ's death, as God had intended. Moses' law was added till the
"seed should come," and that "seed ... is Christ."
Galatians 3:19, 16. God's law could not be involved here, for Paul spoke of
it as holy, just, and good many years after the cross (Romans 7:7, 12).
4. The Bible says, "Love is the
fulfilling of the law." Romans 13:10. The Bible also, in Matthew
22:37-40, commands us to love God and to love our neighbors, and ends with
the words, "On these two commandments hang all the law and the
prophets." Do these commands replace the Ten Commandments? (Matthew
No, the Ten
Commandments hang from these two commands like our 10 fingers hang from our
two hands. They are inseparable. Love to God makes keeping the first four
commandments (which concern God) a pleasure, and love toward our neighbor
makes keeping the last six (which concern our neighbor) a joy. Love
fulfills the law by taking away the drudgery and by making lawkeeping a
delight (Psalms 40:8). When we truly love a person, honoring his or her
requests becomes a joy. Jesus said," If ye love me, keep my
commandments." John 14:15. It is impossible to love the Lord and not
keep His commandments, because the Bible says, "This is the love of
God, that we keep His commandments: and his commandments are not
grievous." 1 John 5:3. "He that saith, I know him, and keepeth
not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him." 1 John
5. Doesn't 2 Corinthians 3:7 teach
that the law written and engraved in stone "was to be done away"?
(2 Corinthians 3:7)
passage says that the "glory" of Moses' ministration of the law
was to be done away, but not the law. Read the whole passage of 2
Corinthians 3:3-9 again, carefully. The subject is not the doing away with
the law or its establishment, but rather, the change of the location of the
law from "tables of stone" to the "tables of the
heart." Under Moses' ministration the law was on stones. Under the
Holy Spirit's ministration, through Christ, the law is written upon the
heart (Hebrews 8:10). A rule posted on a school bulletin board becomes
effective only when it enters a student's heart. Christ's ministration of
the law is effective because He transfers the law to the heart of the
Christian. Then keeping the law becomes a delight and a joyful way of
living because the Christian has true love for both God and man.
6. Romans 10:4 says that "Christ
is the end of the law." So it has ended, hasn't it? (Romans 10:4)
in this verse means purpose or object, as it does in James 5:11. The
meaning is clear. To lead men to Christ--where they find righteousness--is
the goal, purpose, or end of the law.
7. Why do so many people deny the
binding claims of God's law? (Romans 8:7)
the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of
God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot
please God. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that
the Spirit of God dwell in you." Romans 8:7-9.
8. Were the righteous people of the Old
Testament saved by the law? (2 Timothy 1:9)
No one has
ever been saved by the law. All who have been saved in all ages have been
saved by grace. This "grace ... was given us in Christ Jesus before
the world began." 2 Timothy 1:9. The law only points out sin. Christ
alone can save. Noah "found grace" (Genesis 6:8); Moses found
grace (Exodus 33:17); the Israelites in the wilderness found grace
(Jeremiah 31:2); and Abel, Enoch, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and many
other Old Testament worthies were saved "by faith" according to
Hebrews 11. They were saved by looking forward to the cross; we, by looking
back to it. The law is necessary because, like a mirror, it reveals the
"dirt" in our lives. Without it, people are sinners but are not
aware of it. However, the law has no saving power. It can only point out
sin. Jesus, and He alone, can save a person from sin. This has always been
true, even in Old Testament times. (Acts 4:10, 12; 2 Timothy 1:9).
9. Why worry about the law? Isn't
conscience a safe guide? (Proverbs 14:12)
thousand times, no! The Bible speaks of an evil conscience, a defiled
conscience, and a seared conscience--none of which is safe. "There is
a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of
death." Proverbs 14:12. God says, "He that trusteth in his own
heart is a fool." Proverbs 28:26.
1. The Ten Commandments were written by (1)
___ An unknown person.
2. According to the Bible, sin is (1)
___ A personality deficiency.
___ Breaking God's law.
___ Whatever seems wrong.
3. Check the statements that tell the truth about God's
___ It is a perfect guide for happy living.
___ Like a mirror, it points out sin.
___ It is burdensome and oppressive.
___ It can protect me from evil.
___ It has the same characteristics as God.
___ It was canceled in the New Testament.
___ It is a curse.
4. God's Ten Commandment law (1)
___ Was for Old Testament times only.
___ Was abolished by Jesus at the cross.
___ Is absolutely unchangeable.
5. In the judgment day I will be saved if (1)
___ I maintain an excellent record of good works.
___ I love the Lord, regardless of whether or not I obey
the Ten Commandments.
___ My personal love relationship with Jesus leads me to
obey all His commandments.
6. People are saved by (1)
___ Keeping the law.
___ Breaking the law.
___ Jesus Christ alone.
7. Truly converted Christians (1)
___ Keep God's law through the power of Christ.
___ Ignore the law because it is done away.
___ Consider commandment-keeping unnecessary.
8. A person living under grace (1)
___ Can break the Ten Commandments without sinning.
___ Is freed from keeping the law.
___ Will gladly keep God's commandments.
9. Love fulfills the law because (1)
___ Love does away with the law.
___ True love toward God and man makes keeping the law a
___ Love is more important than obedience.
10. Moses' law is (1)
___ The same thing as God's law.
___ The law of ceremonies and sacrifices, which pointed
forward to Christ and ended at His cross.
___ Still binding today.
11. People who obey the Ten Commandments (1)
___ Are all legalists.
___ Will be bitterly opposed by the devil, who hates God
and His law.
___ Are saved by keeping the law.
12. Check the statements that are true regarding Christ
and the law: (4)
___ Jesus broke the law.
___ Jesus is the perfect human example of keeping the law.
___ Jesus abolished the law.
___ Jesus said, "If ye love me, keep my
___ Jesus magnified the law and showed that it covers all
___ Jesus said that the law cannot be changed.